After the fire that consumed the National Library of Peru on May 10, 1943, Jorge Basadre was appointed director of this institution, as well as part of a commission for its reconstruction and reorganization. The plans contemplated the modernization of library practice in the country, since it was considered essential to have a body of scientifically trained employees to carry out the tasks within the institution. For this reason, Basadre managed the creation of a National School of Librarians of Peru, approved by Supreme Decree issued on June 23, 1943. This school had its opening ceremony the same day that the first stone for the construction of the new Library was laid. National of Peru, on January 18, 1944.