This full-length image of a priest wearing a long beard and bishop's crown shows the figure holding three books and is thought to be St. Augustine, one of the Latin church patriarchs. Without question, this painting was originally part of a polyptych altarpiece. In 1961 Federico Zeri attempted a reconstruction of the original altarpiece and indicated that there are three other panels extant of the same size, format and background that are thought to be part of the same altarpiece (St. Lawrence, Thyssen collection, Madrid; St. Ambrose, the Office for National Art Property, The Hague, and St. John the Baptist, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford). While there is no specific evidence to support his claim, Zeri believes that these four works were part of the altarpiece for S. Lorenzo of Castel San Pietro, described in records in which Crivelli is said to have received the deposit for the work in 1487. The figural type seen here corresponds to those of many of the sainted bishops he depicted (such as St. Augustine, Colonna Gallery, Rome), and it is possible that the dullness of the depicted line could speak of the intervention of his disciples. This work passed from the Butler collection of London to the hands of Matsukata Kojiro, and was brought to Japan prior to World War II. The painting was displayed in the 3rd Matsukata Collection exhibition held in 1930 as the work of Vittore Crivelli, Carlo's younger brother. The painting then passed into private hands in Japan and was purchased by the NMWA in 1962. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no. 13)


  • Title: St. Augustine
  • Creator Lifespan: 1430/35 - after 1494
  • Creator Nationality: Italian
  • Creator Gender: Male
  • Creator Death Place: Ascoli?
  • Creator Birth Place: Venice
  • Date Created: c. 1487/88 (?)
  • Location Created: Italy
  • Provenance: C. Butler, London; Kojiro Matsukata, Kobe; Private collection, Tokyo; Horai-Shokusan & Co., Tokyo.
  • Physical Dimensions: w395 x h1407 mm
  • Painter: Carlo Crivelli
  • Object title (Japanese): 聖アウグスティヌス
  • Object notes (Japanese): 長い髭を生やし司教冠を被ったこの全身像の聖人は、手に3冊の書物をもつことから、ラテン教父のひとり聖アウグスティヌスと考えられる。疑いもなく、本来は多翼祭壇画の一部をなしていたパネルであろう。この祭壇画の再構成の試みは、 1961年フェデリーコ・ゼーリによってなされており、本作品と様式上、サイズ上関連し、また背景の文様の共通する3点のパネルの存在が指摘されている(マドリード、ティッセン・コレクションの《聖ラウレンティウス》;デン・ハーグ、国有文化財局の《聖アンブロシウス》;オックスフォード、アシュモリアン美術館の《洗礼者ヨハネ》)。ゼーリはこれら4点の作品を、クリヴェッリが1487年に制作の前金を受け取ったという記録の残る、カステル・サン・ピエトロのサン・ロレンツォ聖堂の祭壇画の一部であるとしているが、確実な根拠はない。本作品の人物タイプはクリヴェッリが晩年に描いた多くの司教聖人のそれに一致し(たとえばローマ、コロンナ家所蔵の《聖アウグスティヌス》)、また描線がやや鈍いことは弟子の手の介入を想定させる。本作品はロンドンのバトラー・コレクションから松方幸次郎氏の手に渡り、戦前に国内にもたらされ、カルロの弟ヴィットーレ・クリヴェッリの作として1930年の第3回松方コレクション展に出品されている。その後国内の所蔵家の手を経て、1962年国立西洋美術館が購入した。(出典: 国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 国立西洋美術館, 2006. cat. no. 13)
  • Artist Name (Japanese): クリヴェッリ、カルロ
  • Type: Paintings
  • Rights: Ex-Matsukata Collection, http://www.nmwa.go.jp/en/information/privacy.html
  • External Link: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo
  • Medium: Tempera on panel

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