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Landscape of Brittany

Paul Gauguin1888

The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo

The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo

Brittany, the region of northwestern France bound by the English Channel and the Atlantic Ocean, has preserved a culture distinct from that of France and has fostered a simple, artless lifestyle. Gauguin visited Pont-Aven in Brittany in 1886, and lived in that area off and on until 1890. He used the undulating landscapes and artless genre scenes of the region in his pursuit of distinctive individualistic compositions. This work from the first half of his stay in Brittany represents a transitional stage from the Impressionist style to his own more planar forms. While the palette is subdued and the touch resembles that of the Impressionists, each form of the separate objects is expressed in large color blocks edged by outlines, clearly foreshadowing the style that would emerge in the latter half of Gauguin's stay in Brittany. It is thought that this work was created in the fall of 1888 just before he set out on a trip to visit van Gogh in Arles. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no.86)

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Details

  • Title: Landscape of Brittany
  • Date Created: 1888
  • Location Created: France
  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings: Signed and dated lower left: 88. P Gauguin
  • Provenance: Kojiro Matsukata; Sequestered by the French Government, 1944; Returned to Japan, 1959.
  • Physical Dimensions: w1166 x h893 mm
  • Painter: Paul Gauguin
  • Object title (Japanese): ブルターニュ風景
  • Object notes (Japanese): フランス北西部、英仏海峡と大西洋に面したブルターニュ地方は、フランス国内でも特異な文化を保ちつづけ、素朴な生活様式を残していた。1886年にそのブルターニュのポンタヴェンを訪れて感銘を受けたゴーガンは、以後1890年までしばしばこの地に滞在し、起伏に富む風景や素朴な風俗を題材とし、自己の様式を探って行く。本作品は、ブルターニュ滞在時代前半の作例で、印象主義からゴーガン独自の平面的様式への過渡的段階を示している。色彩は抑え気味で、タッチは印象派風で短いが、他面、個々の対象の形態は輪郭線に包まれた大きな色面として把握されており、ブルターニュ時代後半の様式をはっきりと予告している。1888年秋、アルルのゴッホのもとへ旅立つ少し前に描かれたものと思われる。(出典: 国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 国立西洋美術館, 2006. cat. no. 86)
  • Artist Name (Japanese): ゴーガン、ポール
  • Type: Paintings
  • Rights: Matsukata Collection, http://www.nmwa.go.jp/en/information/privacy.html
  • External Link: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo
  • Medium: Oil on canvas

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