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Landscape with a Little Village and River

Hanuš Richard Weinberg1943

Jewish Museum in Prague

Jewish Museum in Prague
Prague 1, Czechia

The collage by 12-year- old Hanuš Richard Weinberg was created in the art classes that were organized in the Terezín ghetto by the artist and teacher Friedl Dicker-Brandeis (1898–1944). The piece reflects the experimental teaching method Dicker-Brandeis had adopted from her own years an art student at the State Bauhaus in Weimar between 1919 and 1923. As Dicker-Brandeis herself emphasized in her notes for a lecture on the children’s art classes that she delivered in Terezín as part of the specially organized evening lecture series, she used this method primarily not to educate artists, but to strengthen interpersonal relationships and social skills of her young students by stimulating their creativity and emotional potential. Given the extreme conditions that existed in the ghetto, the art classes also proved to be a powerful therapeutic tool and an outlet for the emotional expression for each individual child.
Terezín (Theresienstadt), an 18th-century military fortress located 60km northwest of Prague, was converted by the Nazis into a concentration camp and a Jewish ghetto in the fall of 1941. In less than four years, more than 155,000 prisoners were deported to the ghetto from Bohemia and Moravia, as well as from Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, and Denmark. Over 35,000 prisoners died there as a consequence of stress, hunger, and the appalling sanitary conditions.

Details

  • Title: Landscape with a Little Village and River
  • Creator: Hanuš Richard Weinberg
  • Date: 1943
  • Location: Terezín (Theresienstadt) Ghetto, Northern Bohemia (Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia)
  • Physical Dimensions: w296 x h212 mm (without frame and mat)
  • Provenance: Jewish Museum in Prague
  • Type: Collage
  • External Link: www.jewishmuseum.cz
  • provenance: Donation to the Jewish Museum in Prague, May 1945
  • bibliography: Volavková, Hana (ed.), ...I never saw another butterfly... Children's Drawings and Poems from Terezin Concentration Camp 1942-1945, New York: Shocken Books Inc.,1993, cover
  • artist biography: Hanuš Richard Weinberg was deported to Terezín from Pardubice with his mother Nelly Marie Weinberg (1903–44) and his older brother Felix Jiří Weinberg (b. 1928) on transport Cf on December 5, 1942. Both boys and their mother were then sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau on transport Dr that was dispatched from Terezín on December 15, 1944. Felix Jiří was the only one from the Weinberg family who survived the war. Hanuš and his mother were killed in the Auschwitz gas chambers during the liquidation of the so-called family camp on March 8, 1944.
  • Ownership History: Richard Hanuš Weinberger, Landscape with a Little Village and River, 212 x 296 mm, 1943

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