Landscape with Castles

Bartolomeo MontagnaEnd of the 15th century - early 16th century

The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo

The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo
Tokyo, Japan

A shoreline backed with split rock cliffs fills the foreground of this composition, while the church and other buildings of a town are shown in the central left. A meandering path climbs behind this town towards several castles seen in the background, all elements of a richly detailed landscape scene. The "pure" landscape was extremely rare in this period, and the duck in the lower left and the castle in the upper right appear to be cut off, therefore further research is needed to confirm the supposition that it was a fragment of a larger composition. Various theories exist regarding the painter of the work, with B. Berenson attributing the work to the Florentine painter Piero di Cosimo, and R. Offner attributing it to the Venetian painter Vittore Carpaccio. However, M. Bacci, in her book Piero di Cosimo, indicates that the landscape is clearly different from that of the Tuscan region, and that the architecture is also the type found in the Veneto region. These factors suggest that a Veneto region painter created the painting. Finally, E. Fahy has verbally conveyed the idea, reiterated by L. Puppi, that Montagna painted the work. This seems the most convincing of the attributions. In any event, further research will be needed on this fascinating work. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no. 14)


  • Title: Landscape with Castles
  • Creator Lifespan: c. 1450 - 1523
  • Creator Nationality: Italian
  • Creator Gender: Male
  • Creator Death Place: Vicenza
  • Creator Birth Place: Orzinuovi?
  • Date Created: End of the 15th century - early 16th century
  • Location Created: Italy
  • attributed to: Bartolomeo Montagna
  • Provenance: Liechtenstein collection, Wien, (purchased by Prince Johann in Italy in 1882); Wildenstein, New York.
  • Physical Dimensions: w1397 x h1397 mm
  • Object title (Japanese): 城の見える風景
  • Object notes (Japanese): この作品は、ささくれ立ったような岩肌の山を背にして、水辺の風景が画面手前を占め、その向こう左手は教会堂や家の建ち並ぶ静かな町の光景となり、そこから蛇行する道を登り詰めると遠く中央に聳える城に達するという、モティーフ豊かな変化に富んだ風景画である。当時としては、このように純粋な風景画は極めてまれであり、また鴨や右上の城がたち切られたようになっているので、本来はもっと大きな絵の一部ではなかったかと考える研究者もいる。作者に関しては諸説があり、これまでB.ベレンソンはフィレンツェ派の画家ピエロ・ディ・コジモ(1461/62-1521?)とし、R.オッフナーはヴェネツィア派の画家ヴィットーレ・カルパッチョ(1465-1521)に帰している。しかしながらM.バッチは、その著『ピエロ・ディ・コジモ』の中で、風景は明らかにトスカーナ地方のそれとは異なり、また建築物はヴェネト地方に見られるものであることから、ヴェネト地方の画家の作であろうと推定した。最近ではE.フェイ(口頭による)やL.プッピがモンターニャ説を出し、有力な見解となっている。いずれにせよ今後の研究が待たれる興味深い作品である。(出典: 国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 国立西洋美術館, 2006. cat. no. 14)
  • Artist Name (Japanese): モンターニャ、バルトロメオ
  • Type: Paintings
  • Rights: http://www.nmwa.go.jp/en/information/privacy.html
  • External Link: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo
  • Medium: Oil on panel (tondo)

Get the app

Explore museums and play with Art Transfer, Pocket Galleries, Art Selfie, and more

Flash this QR Code to get the app
Google apps