Helmet of Chalcidian Type (Left griffin, post-conservation)


The J. Paul Getty Museum

The J. Paul Getty Museum
Los Angeles, United States

With its extensive decoration, this helmet is more likely to have served a ceremonial function than been worn in battle. It is a variation of the Chalcidian type that was made in South Italy. The type was lighter and less cumbersome than other Greek helmets, and is distinguished by its hinged cheekpieces. 

The decoration of this example includes a griffin protome on the crest, flanked by wings above the ears. The spring-like coils just inside the wings would originally have held feather plumes. The helmet's brow depicts a diadem and the locks of hair surrounding it. The cheekpieces, although damaged, are decorated with strands of a beard and an animal, perhaps a goat.


  • Title: Helmet of Chalcidian Type (Left griffin, post-conservation)
  • Creator: Unknown
  • Date Created: 350–300 B.C.
  • Location Created: South Italy
  • Physical Dimensions: 27.9 × 20 × 66.4 cm (11 × 7 7/8 × 26 1/8 in.)
  • Type: Helmet
  • External Link: Find out more about this object on the Museum website.
  • Medium: Bronze
  • Terms of Use: Open Content
  • Number: 93.AC.27
  • Culture: Greek (South Italian)
  • Credit Line: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Villa Collection, Malibu, California
  • Creator Display Name: Unknown
  • Classification: Armor (Protective Wear)

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