Locomotive with two axles

Marc SeguinMiddle of the 19th century

Musée des arts et métiers

Musée des arts et métiers

The Ardèche-born engineer Marc Seguin’s locomotive underwent initial tests in 1829. It was one of the first to be equipped with the famous tubular boiler, so-named because the hot air transforms water into steam circulates in tubes within it. Seguin designed this machine because he was disappointed with the mediocre performance of a British locomotive he had bought. Exactly contemporary to the Englishman George Stephenson’s ‘Rocket’, Seguin’s locomotive travelled at 7 km/h in the engineer’s workshop in Lyon on 7 November 1829. Twelve of these locomotives were built, several of which went into service on the Lyon–Saint-Étienne line from 1831. The original locomotive no longer exists, but Gaston Lemonnier made a scale replica in 1987. Augustin and Louis Seguin (Marc Seguin’s son and grandson) bequeathed this model to the Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers in 1891.

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  • Title: Locomotive with two axles
  • Creator: Marc Seguin
  • Date: Middle of the 19th century
  • Date Created: Middle of the 19th century
  • Location: France
  • Physical Dimensions: 1:6 scale model
  • Provenance: Musée des arts et métiers
  • Contributor: Author: Lionel Dufaux. English translation: David Wharry
  • Inventory number: Inv. 12151
  • Credits: © Musée des arts et métiers-Cnam/photo Sylvain Pelly