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Lodz (Litzmannstadt) ghetto scrip, 20 mark note, given to a US soldier by a refugee 2004.660.4 back

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

20 mark note receipt from the Lodz ghetto, one of 5 pieces of scrip given to Igor Belousovitch, a US soldier, in early April 1945 by a refugee walking west on the same road Igor's unit was taking east across Germany near Leipzig. As Igor was looking at the line of refugees, one looked over at him and they made eye contact. The man, emaciated and dressed in rags, walked over to Igor, reached in his pocket, pulled out several bills, and gave them to Igor. They exchanged a few words and then both continued on their way. The scrip was created in the Lodz ghetto, renamed Litzmannstadt, in German occupied Poland beginning in May 1940. When the Germans incarcerated Jews in the ghetto, they confiscated all currency in exchange for Quittungen [receipts] that could be spent only inside the ghetto. The scrip, designed by the Judenrat [Jewish Council], is decorated with traditional Jewish symbols. Igor, age 21, enlisted in the US Army in 1943. He was assigned to the 273rd Regiment, 69th Infantry Division. Igor, a native Russian speaker, was the translator at the historic April 25, 1945, meeting of American and Soviet forces at the Elbe River in Germany where they celebrated their successful efforts to destroy Fascism in Europe.

20 mark note receipt from the Lodz ghetto, one of 5 pieces of scrip given to Igor Belousovitch, a US soldier, in early April 1945 by a refugee walking west on the same road Igor's unit was taking east across Germany near Leipzig. As Igor was looking at the line of refugees, one looked over at him and they made eye contact. The man, emaciated and dressed in rags, walked over to Igor, reached in his pocket, pulled out several bills, and gave them to Igor. They exchanged a few words and then both continued on their way. The scrip was created in the Lodz ghetto, renamed Litzmannstadt, in German occupied Poland beginning in May 1940. When the Germans incarcerated Jews in the ghetto, they confiscated all currency in exchange for Quittungen [receipts] that could be spent only inside the ghetto. The scrip, designed by the Judenrat [Jewish Council], is decorated with traditional Jewish symbols. Igor, age 21, enlisted in the US Army in 1943. He was assigned to the 273rd Regiment, 69th Infantry Division. Igor, a native Russian speaker, was the translator at the historic April 25, 1945, meeting of American and Soviet forces at the Elbe River in Germany where they celebrated their successful efforts to destroy Fascism in Europe.

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Details

  • Title: Lodz (Litzmannstadt) ghetto scrip, 20 mark note, given to a US soldier by a refugee 2004.660.4 back
  • Provenance: The scrip was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004 by Igor Belousovitch and Rhoda Honigberg., The scrip was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004 by Igor Belousovitch and Rhoda Honigberg.
  • Subject Keywords: Jewish ghettos--Economic aspects--Poland--Łódź. Soldiers--United States--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American., Jewish ghettos--Economic aspects--Poland--Łódź. Soldiers--United States--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American.
  • Type: Exchange Media, Exchange Media
  • Rights: Permanent Collection, Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Offwhite paper scrip printed in brown ink with German text in black and brown ink. The face has a background latticework pattern. The serial number in orange ink is in the upper left corner. The denomination 20 is in the lower left corner in bold font and in the upper right corner in a black square. There is a 2 inch left margin, then a rectangle with a curved upper left corner with a background of interlocked 6-pointed Stars of David with a large star in a circle on the upper left. Across the center is the textual denomination with German text above and below and an engraved signature on the lower right. The back has a blank background with a 2 inch margin, then a rectangle with a pattern of interlocked Stars of David. There is German text in the upper left corner and below the rectangle, and a 7-branched candelabrum within the lower left corner. The denomination 20 in bold font is outside the rectangle at the lower right corner; above this, near the upper right corner, is a Star of David outline in a black square. The scrip has areas of discoloration and is worn from use., Offwhite paper scrip printed in brown ink with German text in black and brown ink. The face has a background latticework pattern. The serial number in orange ink is in the upper left corner. The denomination 20 is in the lower left corner in bold font and in the upper right corner in a black square. There is a 2 inch left margin, then a rectangle with a curved upper left corner with a background of interlocked 6-pointed Stars of David with a large star in a circle on the upper left. Across the center is the textual denomination with German text above and below and an engraved signature on the lower right. The back has a blank background with a 2 inch margin, then a rectangle with a pattern of interlocked Stars of David. There is German text in the upper left corner and below the rectangle, and a 7-branched candelabrum within the lower left corner. The denomination 20 in bold font is outside the rectangle at the lower right corner; above this, near the upper right corner, is a Star of David outline in a black square. The scrip has areas of discoloration and is worn from use.

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