Parsvanatha, the 23rd Tirthankara, the earliest Jain tirthankara who endures torments from evil God Kamatha and is protected by serpent god Dharnendra. The figure is depicted on a cresent moon, he is a Siddhashila and is in an area in Jain cosmology at the apex of the universe, which is where the Jains believe people who have become arihants and tirthankaras go after they die and attain moksha. Such people are called siddhas after they discard their mortal body.


  • Title: Lord Parshvanatha
  • Creator Nationality: Indian
  • Date Created: 1700/1799
  • Location: Salar Jung Museum, Hyderabad
  • Provenance: Gujarat
  • Subject Keywords: Kalpasutra
  • Type: Manuscript painting
  • Medium: Paper, Pigment
  • School: Gujarat
  • Province: Gujarat

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