This is an erect herbaceous plant (family Primulaceae) that is widely distributed in eastern and southern China, Vietnam and Myanmar. However, it was not previously recorded in Taiwan. Dr. T.Y. Aleck Yang of the National Museum of Natural Science participated in a cooperative project entitled “Specimens Collected by Mr. S. Yano in Taiwan 1896-1897 and Data Collection and Digitization of Those Specimens by LE Herbarium, Komarov Botanical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences” and visited the Herbarium of the Komarov Botanical Institute in St. Petersburg (Herbarium abbreviation: LE) in January of 2010. During his stay at LE he found a specimen collected by Yano on April 12, 1897 in Taipei (collection number 369) . Dr. Yang did not identify this specimen to species level, only to the genus Lysimachia, but he requested one duplicate to take back to Taiwan. This specimen was identified after his return to Taiwan with assistance from his colleague Dr. Chih-Hsiung Chen. The scientific name of this specimen is Lysimachia candida Lindl. It is a newly recorded species but also an extinct species in Taiwan.