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Madonna and Child with Three Saints

Giovanni Domenico Tiepoloc. 1759-62

The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo

The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo
Tokyo, Japan

This work depicting the Madonna and Child accompanied by three saints is a typical altarpiece by Domenico Tiepolo based on a composition of his father, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo. The work was definitively attributed to Domenico in 1971 by A. Morassi. The saint kneeling in the front in black robes is St. Francis of Paola, Vicente Ferrer stands on his right and it is suggested that St. Gaetano of Tiene (?) stands behind the Madonna and Child. Backed by classical architectural motifs and surrounded by saints and supporting figures, the Madonna and Child look down from a high throne. This traditional composition began in the 16th century with Titian and was continued by such Venetian painters as Veronese and Tiepolo. The individual motifs drawn from several of Battista's works, including the work that Domenico made into a print, The Madonna and Child with Two Saints (Upton House, Banbury), are skillfully arranged in a stable composition. While this work lacks the strong spatial sense found in the architectural motifs in similar works by Battista, the color scheme and the sculptural quality of the objects and their sense of depth reflect Domenico's steady hand. The brushwork is not facile, rather the quick broad strokes convey only the general sense of the clothing. It is not clear when or for whom this work was created, but information gleaned from the work's provenance, the selection of saints, and related works by Domenico's father indicate that this work was probably created for a Venetian or Veneto area patron during the period of 1753-62 after Domenico returned from Würzburg and before he departed for Madrid. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no.49)

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  • Title: Madonna and Child with Three Saints
  • Date Created: c. 1759-62
  • Location Created: Italy
  • Provenance: Purchased in Venice by Prince Pierre d'Arenberg; Presented by him to Comtesse Greffulhe, born de la Rochefoucauld; By bequest to her son-in-law, Prince Auguste d'Arenberg, by 1911 (according to an inscription dated Aug. 24, 1911, formerly attached on the back of the canvas); Prince d'Arenberg, Paris; Wildenstein & Co.
  • Physical Dimensions: w778 x h1350 mm
  • Painter: Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo
  • Object title (Japanese): 聖母子と三聖人
  • Object notes (Japanese): 聖母子と三人の聖人を描いた本作品は、ドメニコ・ティエポロが父バッティスタの様式に倣って描いた典型的な祭壇画の作例といえるもので、1971年アントニオ・モラッシによってドメニコの作とされた。前景に跪く黒衣の聖者はパオラのフランチェスコ、その右側に立つのがビセンテ・フェレール、聖母子の後方がティエネのガエターノ(?)である。古典的建築モティーフを背景に、高い位置に坐る聖母子を斜め下方から捉え、周囲に聖人や寄進者を配する構成は、16世紀のティツィアーノからヴェロネーゼ、ティエポロへと受け継がれたヴェネツィア派の伝統的な形式を示している。個々のモティーフはバッティスタの複数の先行作品、とりわけドメニコが自ら版画化した《聖母子と二聖人》(バンベリー、アプトン・ハウス)から借用されており、それらは巧みに組み合わされて、安定した構図にまとめあげられている。バッティスタの同タイプの作品におけるような建築モティーフなどによる堅固な空間構成は見られないものの、対象の質感描写によって奥行き感を生み出す彩色法にはドメニコの堅実な手腕が感じられる。また筆触は流暢でとどこおりがなく、衣装の襞は素早い運筆によって大胆に表現されている。本作品がいつ、誰のために描かれたかは、現在のところ明らかではないが、作品の来歴、聖人の選択、父の関連作品の年代などから判断して、ドメニコのヴュルツブルグからの帰還とマドリードへの出発の間の時期(1753-62年)に、ヴェネッィアまたはヴェネト地方のパトロンのために制作されたと考えるのが妥当であろう。(出典: 国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 国立西洋美術館, 2006. cat. no. 49)
  • Artist Name (Japanese): ティエポロ、ジョヴァンニ・ドメニコ
  • Type: Paintings
  • Rights: http://www.nmwa.go.jp/en/information/privacy.html
  • External Link: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo
  • Medium: Oil on canvas

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