A madrasa, usually defined as an Islamic religious school, may also refer to a multi-function building that incorporates a mosque or mausoleum in addition to spaces for teaching and housing students. The Madrasa al-Jaqmaqiya built between 1418 and 1420 for the governor of Damascus Jaqmaq al-Arghunshawiin Damascus, includes a mausoleum. Dating back to the Mamluk era, the building is characterized by its black and white arches, ablaq masonry which features alternating black and white stone, and mix of floral and geometric motifs. Bands of stone-carved Arabic inscriptions also decorate the building, reflecting the Mamluk appreciation for the symbolic power of architecture. The Madrasa al-Jaqmaqiya has transformed over the years, from additional rooms added to the upper level in the 19th century, to restoration work following damage to the roof and walls during World War II.