Bible (Main View (.488v) / book image source)

Malnazar, Aghap'ir, Baghram, and Ep'rem

The J. Paul Getty Museum

The J. Paul Getty Museum
Los Angeles, United States

This Bible was written and illuminated in the Armenian quarter of Isfahan, the capital of Persia (present-day Iran) in the 1600s. The artists Malnazar and Aghap'ir lavishly decorated this book with scenes from the Old Testament, such as the Creation of the World, and portraits of the four evangelists, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. They also included a set of six elaborately decorated canon tables that help the reader to cross-reference the same story in more than one of the four Gospels. The artists framed each chart with an archway delicately adorned with fanciful animals, peacocks, roosters, plants, and, for the first canon table, a small portrait of Eusebius of Caesarea, who developed the canon tables in the 300s.


  • Title: Bible (Main View (.488v) / book image source)
  • Creator: Malnazar, Aghap'ir, Baghram, Ep'rem
  • Date Created: 1637–1638
  • Location Created: Isfahan, Persia
  • Physical Dimensions: Leaf: 25.2 × 18.3 cm (9 15/16 × 7 3/16 in.)
  • Type: Manuscript
  • External Link: Find out more about this object on the Museum website.
  • Medium: Tempera colors, gold paint, and gold leaf on parchment bound between original wood boards covered with reddish brown morocco
  • Terms of Use: Open Content
  • Number: 83.MA.63
  • Culture: Armenian
  • Credit Line: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, Ms. Ludwig I 14
  • Creator Display Name: Malnazar (Armenian, active about 1630s) and Aghap'ir (Armenian, active about 1630s) and Baghram and Ep'rem
  • Classification: Manuscripts (Documents)

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