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This drawing of a young soldier setting fire to a cart of war trophies may represent a rarely depicted legend about the Macedonian king Alexander the Great (356–323 BC), who built one of the largest empires of the ancient world by the time he was 30 years old. Because the heavy spoils of war were slowing down his troops, Alexander set fire to his own cart of goods to encourage his soldiers to do the same. Renaissance princes revered him as a brilliant military strategist. Emperor Maximilian I (reigned 1486–1519), pictured in the equestrian portrait and in the great triumphal car nearby, considered Alexander a distant ancestor.

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Details

  • Title: Man in Armor beside a Chariot
  • Creator: Francesco Salviati (Italian, 1510-1563)
  • Date Created: c. 1550
  • Physical Dimensions: Sheet: 35.7 x 27.1 cm (14 1/16 x 10 11/16 in.); Secondary Support: 35.7 x 27.4 cm (14 1/16 x 10 13/16 in.); Tertiary Support: 35.8 x 27.4 cm (14 1/8 x 10 13/16 in.)
  • Provenance: Giuseppe Vallardi (Lugt 1223, stamped, lower left, in blue ink), Maurice Marignane (Lugt 1872, stamped, lower right, in blue ink)
  • Type: Drawing
  • Rights: CC0
  • External Link: https://clevelandart.org/art/1964.99
  • Medium: pen and brown ink and brush and brown wash over black chalk, heightened with white
  • Inscriptions: lower right, in graphite: [illegible] / Elève de Raphael [in parentheses] ; lower right, in graphite(?): [illegible] ; VERSO OF TERTIARY SUPPORT, upper left, in blue crayon: WCA 2302 ; center, in graphite: Maturino / Elève de Raphael [underlined, in parentheses) ; center right, in graphite: Ecole de Rome [in parentheses]
  • Department: Drawings
  • Culture: Italy, 16th century
  • Credit Line: Dudley P. Allen Fund
  • Collection: DR - Italian
  • Accession Number: 1964.99

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