Maria Amparo Ruiz de Burton

Unknown photographerc. 1870s

California Museum

California Museum
Sacramento, United States

María Amparo Ruiz came of age in a prominent family in Baja California at the end of the Mexican American War. She married one of her town’s conquerors, Captain Henry Burton, who helped her family move north and become U.S. citizens. She became the first Mexican American to write a novel in English with publication of Who Would Have Thought It. It is both a story of a Mexican American girl’s life and a critique of Anglo culture. Her second novel, The Squatter and the Don, tells the story of a Mexican American whose land is seized. It echoed her struggles and those of many Mexican Americans trying to keep their land after the U.S. takeover.


  • Title: Maria Amparo Ruiz de Burton
  • Creator: Unknown photographer
  • Date Created: c. 1870s
  • Location Created: San Diego, CA, USA
  • Subject Keywords: Legal equality, Racism, Mexico, California. rancho, author
  • Type: Photograph

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