Mayuri (Peacock-shaped Esraj) - Image 1

1800-1900 c.

National Music Museum, University of South Dakota

National Music Museum, University of South Dakota
Vermillion, United States

The mayuri is a peacock-shaped, bowed stringed musical instrument derived from the esraj. It was popular in the Indian courts of the 19th century. This mayuri is fitted with moveable, arched metal frets and a parchment belly. The wood body is carved and decorated to represent a peacock, including an actual peacockBill and feathers. The mayuri (peacock) is a symbol of India; it is associated with Saraswati, the goddess of music; it is also a symbol of courtship.


  • Title: Mayuri (Peacock-shaped Esraj) - Image 1
  • Creator: Unknown, Gary M. Stewart (restorer)
  • Date Created: 1800-1900 c.
  • Location Created: India
  • Type: bowed stringed musical instrument
  • Rights: © National Music Museum
  • Provenance: Ex coll.: Clifford A. Allanson, Delmar, New York
  • Photo Credit: Dorling Kindersley Ltd
  • Credit: Acquisition Funds Gift of Lydia and Edwin Downie, 1981

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