Mekatilili Wa Menza: Wonder Woman (Giriama community)

Shujaa Stories2019

National Museums of Kenya

National Museums of Kenya
Nairobi, Kenya

Thought to have been born in the 1840s, Mekatilili is said to be one of Kenya’s earliest freedom fighters. Her place of birth was Mutara wa Tsatsu Ganze village in Kilifi County, and her birth name was Mnyazi wa Menza. She was also born in a family of four brothers, Nzai, Hare, Kithi, and Mwarandu, and one sister.

One of her brothers, Kithi was captured by Arabs Slave Traders when they had gone to trade at Kilifi with her other brothers. She remembered Mepoho’s prophecy about the coming of the strange people who had hair like sisal fibres and moved in flying vessels as well as those moving on the water and on land. She also remembered that the coming of these strangers would begin the erosion of the Giriama Cultural traditions. The prophecy came true when the Imperial British east African Company (IBEA) started building the railway.

Mekatili was married, had a son Katilili hence her name which meant ‘Mother of Katilili’. She was widowed, and this gave her more freedom to move around as a woman leader, telling her people to resist the British. The IBEA was planning to move them from their land near the Sabaki river as well as force the much hated ‘hut tax’ on them. Mekatilili used that reason to call meetings with the Kifudu funeral dance, at the end of which she would encourage her people to resist and swear oaths. She is also said to have had mysterious powers that came from the kaya, the Giriama shrines.

One day, a British administrator, Arthur Champion held a meeting at Chakama kwa Hawe Wanje to encourage the Giriama youth to join the British army. With a hen and her chicks in hand, Mekatilili attended the meeting and challenged the Administrator to snatch one of the hen’s chicks. The angry mother hen pecked at Champion, humiliating him in the process. This was a demonstration of what would happen to him if he attempted to take away the Giriama youths. Champion shot dead the mother hen at which Mekatilili responded with a fiery slap. The administrator’s bodyguard responded by recklessly firing on a group of youths killing them. This sparked the Nyere and Giriama War.
As a result of that occurrence, Mekatilili together with Wanje wa Mwadorikola were arrested and sent to Kisii to be locked in prison. On 14th January,1914 they escaped under mysterious circumstances and walked for more than seven hundred kilometres from Kisii to Kilifi without the knowledge of the colonialists. She was recaptured on 16th August,1914 after much resistance in which many of her people were shot, their houses burnt and their kaya bombed. She was exiled in Kismayu, Somalia where she escaped yet again under unknown circumstances. This time, the British were too busy with the World War and left her alone. Mekatilili died of natural causes in the 1920s.

In memory of Mekatilili wa Menza, there is a statue in her honour in Malindi, Kilifi County. The County also holds the popular and vibrant Mekatilili wa Menza Festival annually.

Bonus Information:
Mekatilili is buried in an area known as Dakatcha Woodland. It’s the only place in the world where the birds called Clarke’s Weavers build their nests. The forests of Mrihi (Brachystegia spiciformis) trees protect the fragile soil, moderate the climate and store water for people and wildlife. The landscape shaped by erosion has created interesting depressions or nyari. One of them, known as Hell's Kitchen, is a popular tourist site.


  • Title: Mekatilili Wa Menza: Wonder Woman (Giriama community)
  • Creator: Shujaa Stories
  • Date Created: 2019
  • Location: Kenya
  • Rights: Shujaa Stories in collaboration with Nature Kenya and the National Museums of Kenya
  • Community: Giriama
  • About Shujaa Stories: This is a Kenyan superhero display of the country’s pre-independence legends who fought for their communities’ land, freedom and spiritual well-being; and are revered by their communities to date. Conceptualized in 2017, the idea was the brain-child of Masidza Sande Galavu (1993-2020) who was a Creative Director and co-founder at Shujaa Stories and Tatu Creatives in Nairobi. ‘Shujaa’ is a Swahili word that means brave or courageous. It also refers to someone who is a hero. Shujaa Stories made its public debut with an exhibition at the Nairobi National Museum in 2018. It shined light on 28 of Kenya’s greatest heroes and heroines. Each story was coupled with a bonus text on conservation related to the heritage sites surrounding where these legends once lived. In 2020, supported by National Museums of Kenya and Google Arts and Culture, Shujaa Stories Ltd completed over 30 new shujaas that cut across the major and marginalized Kenyan communities. Kenya is rich in history and culture. Some of this richness has been brought out in our books, museums and in theatre. But there is one major section of our history that has been left out, especially to the younger generation of Kenyans, which are our pre-independence legendary heroes. Some of these heroes are known well beyond their communities due to the respect they managed to garner across the region. Many of them have a well-developed and sophisticated folklore which embodies their history, traditions, morals, worldview and wisdom. The design language chosen for the entire exhibition is animated illustrations that seek to bring out the superhero character of each shujaa.

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