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Mother and Children (Madame Feydeau and Her Children)

Carolus-Duran1897

The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo

The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo
Tokyo, Japan

This work depicts Carolus-Duran's daughter, Marianne Carolus-Duran and her children. She was the wife of Georges Feydeau, who was known as a playwright and collector of works by the Impressionist, and the Nabis. This work, with its captivating blend of Impressionist brushwork and traditional Academic methods that palpably render the subject, can be seen as a typical example of the "Salon paintings" that attracted general popular approval. This period was remarkable for the rise of various groups who opposed the considerable Impressionist influence upon the painting community. Many of the Salon painters who represented the mainstream artistic world experimented with Academic compromises while partially imbibing the forms of the Impressionists. The triangular form of the clothed mother and children dominating the center of this composition conveys the familial harmony idealized by the materialist bourgeoisie of the day. Carolus-Duran's characteristic use of a simple contrasting palette can be seen in Madame Feydeau's black dress and the red flower on her breast, and the white dressed girl with her pale yellow flower. Reflecting the not inconsiderable interest in Spain found in 19th century French art, black was one of the artist's favorite colors, and his close friend Manet's love of the effects of black is well known. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no. 99)

Details

  • Title: Mother and Children (Madame Feydeau and Her Children)
  • Creator Lifespan: 1838 - 1917
  • Creator Nationality: French
  • Creator Gender: Male
  • Creator Death Place: Paris
  • Creator Birth Place: Lille
  • Date Created: 1897
  • Location Created: France
  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings: Signed and dated lower right: Carolus-Duran / Paris. 1897.
  • Provenance: Kojiro Matsukata; Sequestered by the French Government, 1944; Returned to Japan, 1959.
  • Physical Dimensions: w1278 x h1905 mm
  • Painter: Émile-Auguste Carolus-Duran
  • Object title (Japanese): 母と子(フェドー夫人と子供たち)
  • Object notes (Japanese): この作品は、カロリュス=デュランの娘とその子供たちを描いている。彼女は、演劇作家として、また印象派やナビ派の作品の収集家として名を残しているジョルジュ・フェドーの夫人であった。対象の質感を手にとるように描き出す伝統的なアカデミックな技法と、印象派の人々が多用した即興的な筆の運びとの折衷が眼を惹く本作品は、世紀末の公的な展覧会に出品され、一般公衆の人気を集めていたいわゆる「サロン絵画」の典型的作例の一つである。印象派がすでに画壇の一角を占める勢力となり、その反動としてのさまざまな傾向が顕著であったこの時期、美術界の主流であるサロン画家たちの多くは、印象派の様式を部分的に摂取しては、アカデミスムとの折衷を試みていたのだった。着飾った母と子の姿を三角形の構図の中に収めた画面は、物質的な恵みを享受する当時のブルジョア層が理想とした家庭的幸福の情景の一つを今に伝えている。フェドー夫人の黒い服と胸元の赤い花、女児の白い服と手にもつ淡黄色の花など簡潔な色彩の対照は、カロリュス=デュラン独自のものであろう。ことに、19世紀フランス美術に少なからぬ影響を与えたスペイン趣味に由来する黒は画家のもっとも好んだ色の一つであり、彼の親しい友人であったマネもまた、黒のもたらす効果を愛したことはよく知られている。(出典: 国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 国立西洋美術館, 2006. cat. no. 99)
  • Artist Name (Japanese): カロリュス=デュラン、エミール=オーギュスト
  • Type: Paintings
  • Rights: Matsukata Collection, http://www.nmwa.go.jp/en/information/privacy.html
  • External Link: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo
  • Medium: Oil on canvas

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