VACHERIE, LOUISIANA, BUILT 1836.
ARCHITECT: GILBERT JOSEPH PILIE. BUILDER: GEORGE SWAINEY
Oak Alley synthesizes architecture and landscape. The Greek Revival house is at the end of parallel rows of 28 magnificent oaks that form a pathway to the Mississippi River. Builders used several techniques to mitigate the southern heat: tall windows and doors that face each other for a cross-breeze; shaded arcades that shield interior rooms; high ceilings; and a 13-foot veranda that wraps the structure. The plantation included a mill, a farm, and housing for 100 slaves.