Old Weathered Plum Tree with Spring Blossoms and a Poem

Jo Hui-ryongmid-19th century

Harvard Art Museums

Harvard Art Museums
Cambridge, United States

Because it blooms in February, before donning its leaves, the Chinese flowering plum (Prunus mume) is associated with winter and is regarded as a symbol of strength in the face of adversity; in addition, its blossoms symbolize feminine beauty, and its weathered trunk, the humble scholar. These various and noble associations made the plum an appealing subject for traditional literati painters in China, Korea, and Japan. This painting clearly depicts aged plum trees; smooth new shoots spring from rugged ancient branches, so that a variety of textures challenges the endless capabilities of brush and ink. In this painting, overlays of dense black ink suggest rough bark peeling from the massive old trunks.

Although this leaf is not signed, the seals at the beginning and end of the poem indicate that it was painted by Cho Hûi-ryong, the foremost Korean painter of ink plum blossoms during the first half of the nineteenth century. Extremely fond of plum blossoms, he is said to have painted plum trees on all the walls of his studio. The poem on this album leaf translates as:

Fabricating iron into a pen,
Snapping a twig into a hairpin,
Old moss suddenly regains its spring freshness,
[And] vitality harmoniously follows.
An aged crane wearing snow
Flies amongst steep cliffs;
Sitting cross-legged, a lofty monk
Completely empties [his mind] of mortal thoughts.
Translated by Hsueh-man Shen


  • Title: Old Weathered Plum Tree with Spring Blossoms and a Poem
  • Date: mid-19th century
  • Physical Dimensions: w41.1 x h28.1 cm (painting proper)
  • Period: Chosôn dynasty, 1392-1910
  • Credit Line: Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Ernest B. and Helen Pratt Dane Fund for the Acquisition of Oriental Art and David A. Ellis Oriental Art Fund
  • Creation Place: Korea/East Asia
  • Artist: Cho Hûi-ryong
  • Type: Paintings
  • External Link: Harvard Art Museums
  • Medium: Folding album leaf (from an album of sixteen leaves) mounted as a hanging scroll; ink on paper, with two rectangular, red, relief seals of the artist reading "Tok Hwa" and "Tae A"

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