Traditional transportation eased occupational, trading, and commercial activities and moved resources, agricultural products, merchandize and people, all essential components of folk civilization.
There were many types of means of transportation from ground transportation to both running and static water vehicles. All of them are presented in one sector of the museum.
Traditional vehicles originated from archaic means of transportation (some of them still present in the villages) such as dragging cargo on the ground. As humans could not move very far under such circumstances without great difficulties, transportation means have been improved through the addition of specific technical features: runners to slide on snow, ice or even ground, and above all, the wheel. Speed, distances and types of cargo would change throughout each level of the development of human communities.
The sledges and two-wheeled vehicles named „caroi” or „telegi”, „cotigi” etc. are the simplest forms of transportation. They were transformed into four-wheeled vehicles pulled by horses, becoming the most frequently used vehicles that are generically named carts (Lat. Carrus).
There are wide variety of types and subtypes of wheeled vehicles, each depending on its load: natural resources, wood, hay, food, finished products and people. Oxen (with yoke) would pull vehicles carrying a heavy load. Changing towing from oxen to horses led to an evolution in the means of transportation for merchandize as well as for people.
Many wagons, as well as the heavy wagons pulled by two horses (named after their place of origin: Wagon of Sălişte for instance), are presented in the pavilion in the section of horse-pulled vehicles (wagon „aispenar”). Some of them have artistic value, the painted wagons, or serve a custom, such as the wedding wagons.
In the 19th century town-specific vehicles, carriages (used as local post coaches) or hansoms began appearing in villages. The Răşinari post coach carried mail, merchandize, and people while the Vicşani (Suceava County) took travelers to the train station.
The pavilion exhibition is completed with a set of ox shoes and horseshoes from Jina (Sibiu County), as well as yokes. There are also structures and elements of a cart: loading the burden, rolling structures and transmission and auxiliary structures.