Planetary mosaic

Second half of 2nd century AD

Conjunto Arqueológico de Itálica

Conjunto Arqueológico de Itálica
Santiponce, Spain

This mosaic contains a representation of the stars which give their names to the Roman weekly calendar, considered Gods by the Romans. In the center, it is placed the bust of the goddess Venus, protector of the family and marriage, which is identified with Friday. In the rest of the hexagons that surround her, Saturn (Saturday) appears with a beard and head veil; the Sun (Sunday), with a crown of rays; Selene (Monday), represented with a growing moon behind; Mars (Tuesday), with a breastplate and plumed helmet; Mercury (Wednesday), characterized with small wings on his head; and Jupiter (Thursday), with a beard and mantle.

This mosaic pavement gives its name to the Roman house where it was discovered in 1973, during archaeological excavations of José Maria Luzon.

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  • Title: Planetary mosaic
  • Date Created: Second half of 2nd century AD
  • Location: Santiponce, (Seville)
  • Physical Dimensions: 4,80 x 6,70 m
  • Type: Mosaic
  • Rights: Photography: Francisco José Marín Fatuarte 2016
  • Medium: Mosaic