In the Mesoamerican imaginary, small spider monkeys with long tails are considered emissaries of Quetzacóatl, deity from central ancient Mexico, created -according to an ancient tradition- during the second age or Wind Sun. Quetzacóatl, in this case Kukulcan, in his advocation of Ehecatl known among Mayans as Ik, has a close relationship with the wind as an element whose basic expression is movement. Thus the representations in spiral, like in this example, are related with the characteristic whirls during the Wind Sun. At the same time wind is an element that sweeps the way and sown fields where the rain will fall. His action can be beneficial as well as destructive. The monkey besides its association with the wind it is also related to cocoa. Popol Vuh explains that brothers Hunahpú and Ixbalanqué, the prodigal twins, set a trap for his arrogant half brothers Hun-Batz and Hun-Choven, to do so, the twins asked their brothers to get the hunted birds from a three with their blowpipes; when they were climbing the tree, the trunk grew in such a way that it was impossible to get down. Hunahpú and Ixbalanqué told them to tie the girdle at the waist and let the ends fall back and slide down. By doing this, the girdle becomes a tail and they in monkeys. Besides Calakmul, in the Mayan area, there are shrine and offering ceramics with monkey represented in Honduras, Altun Ha, Belize and Las Flores in Guatemala.It is advisable to see the description of the effigy vessel with monkey head from Izapa.Dra. Federica Sodi MirandaColaboradores: Arqlgo. Hugo Herrera Torres Araceli Ruiz Peláez Mtro. Hugo García Capistran.


  • Title: Plato con cola de mono en espiral
  • Creator: unknown
  • Date Created: 0300/0850
  • Physical Location: México
  • Physical Dimensions: w434 x h45 cm (complete)
  • Period: Clásico (300-850 d.C.)
  • Calakmul, Campeche: Maya
  • Type: Vessel
  • Rights: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia., INAH. Proyecto de Digitalización de las Colecciones Arqueológicas del Museo Nacional de Antropología. CONACULTA-CANON-MNA.
  • External Link: http://www.mna.inah.gob.mx
  • Medium: Arcilla

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