Poetry Conservation and Analysis


Angel Island Immigration Station

Angel Island Immigration Station
Tiburon, United States

This image shows the condition of a Chinese poem after removing several layers of paint and putty. The green paint was seen by immigrants between 1910 and 1940 and referenced in a few select poems. The Chinese characters are part of a larger poem that extends above and beneath the image.


  • Title: Poetry Conservation and Analysis
  • Date Created: 2018
  • Location Created: Angel Island, Tiburon, California, USA
  • Type: Photograph
  • Rights: Angel Island Immigration Station Foundation
  • Medium: Photograph
  • Translation: A thousand sorrors and a hatred ten-thousand-fold burns between my brows. Hoping to step ashore the American continent is the most difficult of difficulties. The barbarians imprison me in this place. Even a martyr or a hero would change countenance.
  • Photographer: R. Nauman

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