Polychrome Oinochoe (Wine Jug): Deer and Lions (?)

c. 600-575 BC

The Cleveland Museum of Art

The Cleveland Museum of Art
Cleveland, United States

The animal frieze decorating the widest part of this round-bodied wine jug recalls black-figure pottery imported to Etruria from Greece (especially Corinth). The shape itself, with trefoil mouth and raised handle to facilitate pouring, also resembles Greek models, as do the simple tongues and rays above and below. But the polychromed animals—brightly painted with added white and reddish-purple—identify the vase as Etruscan, likely made at Vulci. The two deer seem to be grazing on stylized plants, unconcerned about the unusual animals pursuing them; these may be lions with horns and long tongues.

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  • Title: Polychrome Oinochoe (Wine Jug): Deer and Lions (?)
  • Date Created: c. 600-575 BC
  • Physical Dimensions: Overall: 30.6 cm (12 1/16 in.)
  • Provenance: Dr. Jacob Hirsch, New York, NY, gifted to the Cleveland Museum of Art, The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
  • Type: Ceramic
  • Rights: CC0
  • External Link: https://clevelandart.org/art/1931.425
  • Medium: ceramic
  • Fun Fact: Four animals encircle this jug—two grazing deer and two predators, perhaps lions.
  • Department: Greek and Roman Art
  • Culture: Etruscan (Etrusco-Corinthian), probably made at Vulci
  • Credit Line: Gift of Dr. Jacob Hirsch
  • Collection: GR - Etruscan
  • Accession Number: 1931.425

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