Portrait miniature possibly of Anne Boleyn

Lucas Horenboutc.1525-1527

Royal Ontario Museum

Royal Ontario Museum
Toronto, Canada

This portrait miniature is the earliest in the ROM’s collection. It was initially attributed to Hans Holbein (German, 1497/98–1543), and was thought to be a portrait of Jane Seymour – a lady-in-waiting to both
Katharine of Aragon and Anne Boleyn. After a reassessment the miniature is now attributed to the Flemish painter, Lucas Horenbout, one of the earliest miniature painters in England. In 1524 Horenbout began to work at the court of Henry VII, and by 1531 he was appointed “King’s Painter,” a position officially granted for life in 1534. Although the sitter’s identity is still somewhat elusive, it seems more probable that it is a representation of Anne Boleyn.


  • Title: Portrait miniature possibly of Anne Boleyn
  • Creator: Lucas Horenbout (Flemish, c.1490/95-1544, active in England 1524- 1544)
  • Creator Lifespan: c.1490/95 - 1544
  • Creator Nationality: Flemish
  • Creator Gender: Male
  • Date: c.1525-1527
  • Location: Possibly London or Richmond, England
  • Type: Painting
  • Rights: Royal Ontario Museum
  • Medium: Opaque watercolour on vellum laid down on card, set in a tortoiseshell frame
  • Diameter: 3.7
  • Accession Number: 978.357

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