Ambrogio Spinola was the commander-in-chief of the Spanish armies under the reign of the Archdukes Albert and Isabella. He likely sat for Rubens during a visit to Antwerp shortly after he and his troops defeated the Dutch forces at Breda in 1625. There are several versions of the portrait: in most, Spinola is dressed in full armor, in others, partial armor, and in one, the ceremonial garb of the Order of the Golden Fleece. The uneven quality of this bust-length example—particularly noticeable in the ruff, hairline, and armor—indicates that it was copied from a prototype, probably by artist members of Rubens’s studio. ca. 1625


  • Title: Portrait of Ambrogio Spinola
  • Creator: Peter Paul Rubens (school of)
  • Date Created: ca. 1625
  • Physical Dimensions: 28 1/2 in. x 23 1/2 in. (72.4 cm x 59.7 cm)
  • Rights: Davis Museum at Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA, Given in memory of Frances L. Hughes (Class of 1902) by her nieces, 1955.11
  • Medium: Oil on canvas

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