This painting is one in series of portraits by Kehinde Wiley that offer a visual response to the Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s acclaimed feminist short story, The Yellow Wallpaper (1892). Wiley’s new portraits feature women and girls that the artist met on the streets of Dalston, east London.

In this full-length portrait Dorinda Essah looks calm and confident as she looks out at the viewer, the flowers from the background overlapping with her clothing. Essah also holds a spear or javelin in this image, a direct reference to traditional 'Old Master' portraits of European military figures or chancellors holding staffs of office.

Gilman’s semi-autobiographical tale sees her narrator confined to her bedroom after being diagnosed with hysteria, her mental anguish exacerbated by the room’s hideous yellow wallpaper. Embodying a myriad of positions with regards to social class, status, religion, colonialism and the negotiation of gender, the women in Wiley’s portraits are pictured within reimagined fields inspired by William Morris’s patterned wallpaper.

Against this background, Wiley depicts these women as autonomous, powerful and open to individual interpretation. In this way the portraits offer a rubric through which to engage with the beautiful and terrible histories and traditions that his subjects are heir to.


  • Title: Portrait of Dorinda Essah
  • Creator: Kehinde Wiley
  • Date Created: 2020
  • Location Created: Kehinde Wiley Studio, Beijing, China
  • Type: oil painting
  • Rights: Courtesy of Stephen Friedman Gallery © Kehinde Wiley, 2020
  • Physical Dimensions: 205 x 264 cm
  • Medium: oil on linen
  • Credit line: Courtesy of Stephen Friedman Gallery © Kehinde Wiley, 2020

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