Loading

Portrait of Frederik V in Anointment Robe

Carl Gustaf PiloAbout 1750

SMK - Statens Museum for Kunst

SMK - Statens Museum for Kunst

The Swedish artist C.G. Pilo became a court painter in the Danish royal household in 1747, the same year that Frederic 5. was anointed King. Pilo remained court painter until he left Denmark again in 1771.

In 1660 the Danish monarchy went from being an elective monarchy to absolutism, and Danish kings were anointed rather than crowned.

The anointing ceremony

During the ceremony, the king’s brow, chest, and right wrist were anointed, and indeed Pilo made reference to these specifics by letting the king’s brow catch the light and letting his right hand be ungloved.

An illustration of the monarch's immortality

The objective of the anointing was mainly to illustrate the immortality of the monarch irrespective of the fact that the ritual marked the accession of a new person to discharge the duties. The Crown was to be displayed in all its constancy and immutability. That is why King Frederic 5. is shown in a posture similar to the steps of the minuet, and Pilo presents both the symbols of the Throne and the details of the anointing ceremony.

The setting for all this pomp and circumstance appears to go beyond any specific site: the undulating patterns of the anointing curtain is repeated in the folds of the ermine cloak, which in turn merges with the profusions of clouds and draperies in the background.

Show lessRead more

Details

  • Title: Portrait of Frederik V in Anointment Robe
  • Creator: C.G. Pilo
  • Date Created: About 1750
  • Værktekst: Svenskeren C.G. Pilo blev hofmaler i 1747, samme år som Frederik 5. blev salvet som konge, og han beholdt dette hverv, indtil han forlod Danmark i 1771. I 1660 var det danske monarki overgået fra at være et valgkongedømme til at være absolut enevælde, og man begyndte da at salve kongerne frem for at lade dem krone. Salvingsceremonien Salvingsceremoniens konkrete handling bestod i at smøre salve på kongens pande, bryst og højre håndled. Pilo har da også hentydet til ceremonien ved at lade panden fange lyset og ved at lade højre hånd være ubehandsket. Anskueliggørelse af majestætens udødelighed Salvingsritualet drejede sig især om at anskueliggøre den majestætiske persons udødelighed, uanset at salvingen markerede fornyelsen af den konkrete person i fyrsteembedet. Kongeværdigheden skulle vises i hele sin uforanderlighed. Derfor indtager Frederik 5. en positur, som minder om menuettens danseposition, og Pilo får fremvist både kongemagtens symboler og salvingsdragtens detaljer. Scenen for denne poseren synes sat uden for noget konkret sted: Salvingstæppets bølgende mønstre gentages i hermelinskåbens fald, som atter glider over i baggrundens bølgende virvar af skyer og draperier.
  • Teknik: Olie på lærred
  • Proveniens: Inventariseret 1868
  • Provenance: Recorded in the Inventory 1868
  • Physical Dimensions: w139.5 x h231.5 cm (Without frame)
  • Dansk link: http://www.smk.dk/index.php?id=2686
  • Dansk Titel: Portræt af Frederik V i salvingsdragt
  • Type: Painting
  • Rights: Statens Museum for Kunst, http://www.smk.dk/en/copyright/creative-commons/
  • Medium: Oil on canvas

Additional Items

Recommended

Translate with Google
Home
Explore
Nearby
Profile