Unsigned and undated, this is a portrait of Wolf Moscheles (1744–1812), a member of the prominent Moscheles family, scholar, and one of the representatives of the Prague Jewish Community. Wolf, son of Joachim Moses Moscheles, was married to Relle, née Gitschin (1745–1815), daughter of the Prague Jewish Community leader Loew Gitchin. The epitome of a Haskalah scholar, he is portrayed as an intellectual in his study. The Haskalah, or Jewish Enlightenment, was an intellectual movement in Europe that lasted approximately from the 1770s to the 1880s. The literal meaning of the word “haskalah” is “enlightenment,” and it is derived from the Hebrew sekhel, which means “reason” or “intellect,” and the movement was inspired by the European Enlightenment and adopted many of its values. The specific Jewish aspects of this intellectual rationalism promoted by the movement’s adherents, the Maskilim, consisted largely in encouraging Jews to study secular subjects, to learn both Indo-European and Semitic languages, and to enter fields outside of the traditional Jewish occupations in the Diaspora (agriculture, crafts, the arts and science). The Maskilim tried to assimilate into European society in their dress, language, manners, and allegiance to the ruling power.