Physical Dimensions: overall: 71.4 x 61 cm (28 1/8 x 24 in.)
framed: 89.5 x 79.7 x 5.6 cm (35 1/4 x 31 3/8 x 2 3/16 in.)
Provenance: The artist; James Claypoole Copper, Philadelphia; Mary Jane Peale [1827-1902], Pottsville, Pennsylvania, the daughter of the sitter, Rubens Peale; her nephew, Albert Charles Peale [1849-1914], Washington, D.C.; his cousin, Jessie Sellers Colton [Mrs. Sabin Woolworth Colton, Jr., 1855-1932], Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania; her daughter, Mildred Colton [Mrs. Robert P.] Esty [1883-1977], Ardmore, Pennsylvania; sold to Lawrence A. Fleischman, Detroit, Michigan; (Kennedy Galleries, New York); purchased by Pauline E. [Mrs. Norman B.] Woolworth; (sale, Sotheby's, New York, 5 December 1985, lot 42); purchased through (Kennedy Galleries, New York) by NGA.
 Rebecca Irwin Graff, _Genealogy of the Claypoole Family of Philadelphia_, 1893: 79, which does not record Copper's life dates.
 Copper's gift of the portrait to Rubens' Peale's daughter Mary Jane Peale in 1854 is discussed in the NGA systematic catalogue. For Mary Jane Peale's dates, see the genealogy of the Peale Family in Charles H. Elam, ed., _The Peale Family: Three Generations of American Artists_, Exh. cat., Detroit Institute of Arts; Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, Utica, New York, 1967: 10, and Lillian B. Miller, _In Pursuit of Fame: Rembrandt Peale, 1778-1860_, Exh. cat., National Portrait Gallery, Washington, D.C., 1992: 231. For information that she lived in Pottsville, see Carol Eaton Hevner, "Rembrandt Peale's portraits of his brother Rubens", _Antiques_ 130 (November): 1012.
 Mary Jane Peale bequeathed the portrait to her nephew Albert Charles Peale, the son of her brother Charles Willson Peale (1821-1871) and Harriet Friel Peale; for his dates see Charles Coleman Sellers, "Peale Genealogy," manuscript, Peale Papers Office, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, D.C., and _The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography_, vol. 21: 255-56. Albert Peale was one of the executors of Mary Jane Peale's estate.
 The painting belonged to Jessie Sellers Colton by 1923, when she lent it to the exhibition at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. A label formerly on the painting (in NGA curatorial files) gives her name and address, and states that she was the great-niece of Rubens Peale. For her dates see Charles Coleman Sellers, "Peale Genealogy," manuscript, Peale Papers Office, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, D.C.
 Mrs. Esty owned the portrait when it was reproduced in Charles Coleman Sellers, _Charles Willson Peale, Later Life (1790-1827)_, Philadelphia, 1947: 2:opp. 147, fig. 12, and lent it in 1955 to the exhibition at Pennsylvania State University. For her birth date see Charles Coleman Sellers, "Peale Genealogy," manuscript, Peale Papers Office, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, D.C.; her date of death is recorded in Social Register Association, _Social Register, Summer 1978_, New York, 1978: 92:98.
 Fleischman confirmed his ownership of the portrait in his letter of 19 December 1985 to NGA (in NGA curatorial files).
 Mrs. Woolworth was the owner by 1963, when she lent the painting to the exhibition American Art from American Collections at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.