In 1635, Rosa left his native Naples for Rome, the undisputed art center of the 17th century, where a new type of landscape painting was emerging, distinguished by the effects of light and atmosphere. Rosa’s fame grew quickly as a painter of landscapes that conjured the beauty and fertility of the Bay of Naples. Ruins in a Rocky Landscape incorporates classical ruins, iridescent reflections of light, and a pastoral tone evoked by the idling shepherds, exemplifying the work that earned Rosa his early fame. The dark, dramatic rocks that rise along the left foreshadow the wildness that Rosa would cultivate in his later sublime landscapes.

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  • Title: Ruins in a Rocky Landscape
  • Creator: Salvator Rosa (Italian, 1615-1673)
  • Date Created: c. 1640
  • Physical Dimensions: Framed: 157.5 x 189.2 x 7 cm (62 x 74 1/2 x 2 3/4 in.); Unframed: 144 x 176.7 cm (56 11/16 x 69 9/16 in.)
  • Provenance: Duke Francesco I d’Este, Modena; Duke Francesco V d’Este, Modena and Vienna:, Duke Francis Ferdinand, Vienna;, Maximillian, Duke of Hohenberg, Palace of the Prince of Liechtenstein, Vienna;, Rosenberg & Stiebel (New York, New York), by gift to the Cleveland Museum of Art, 1958.
  • Type: Painting
  • Rights: CC0
  • External Link: https://clevelandart.org/art/1958.472
  • Medium: oil on canvas
  • Inscriptions: Signed lower right: "SR [monogram]"
  • Department: European Painting and Sculpture
  • Culture: Italy, 17th century
  • Credit Line: Gift of Rosenberg & Stiebel, Inc.
  • Collection: P - Italian 16th & 17th Century
  • Accession Number: 1958.472

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