Saint Christina of Bolsena stands on a millstone to which she was tied and thrown into a lake, but she miraculously survived because the stone floated. Her companion, Saint Ottilia of Alsace displays her eyes, to show her blindness was cured; she was a Benedictine nun.

This painting and 'Saints Genevieve and Apollonia' were the outsides of the shutters of 'The St Catherine Altarpiece' in Dresden. It was one of the first works Cranach painted after having entered the service of Frederick the Wise, Elector of Saxony in Wittenberg in 1505.


  • Title: Saints Christina and Ottilia
  • Creator: Lucas Cranach the Elder
  • Date Created: 1506
  • Physical Dimensions: 123 x 67 cm
  • Type: Painting
  • Medium: Oil on lime
  • School: German
  • More Info: Explore the National Gallery’s paintings online
  • Inventory number: NG6511.2
  • Artist Dates: 1472 - 1553
  • Artist Biography: Cranach was one of the leading German painters and printmakers of the early 16th century. As court painter of the Elector of Saxony, the patron of Luther, Cranach is remembered as the chief artist of the Reformation. He painted altarpieces, Lutheran subject pictures and portraits, as well as mythological decorative works and nudes, such as the 'Cupid complaining to Venus' in the Collection. Cranach was named after his native town of Kronach in Upper Franconia. He was probably trained there by his father, Hans. Around 1500 or earlier he travelled through Bavaria to Vienna, where he was briefly active. Early works exemplify the Danube school (see also Altdorfer) in their poetic use of landscape. In 1505 he entered the service of the Electors of Saxony at Wittenberg, becoming a town councillor there in 1519 and burgomaster in 1537 and 1540. In 1550 he was with the Elector John Frederick who was held prisoner in Augsburg. He retired in 1552 to Weimar, leaving his sons, Hans and Lucas the Younger, to carry on his workshop.
  • Acquisition Credit: Bought, 1987

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