The Bakumatsu period marked the end of the samurai military class. Following the restoration of imperial rule in 1868, domains governed by feudal lords and their samurai were replaced by modern prefectures administrated by governors. The traditional class system was abolished, including such rituals as sword carrying and styles such as the traditional topknot, a haircut featuring a partially shaved head with the remaining hair pulled into a small ponytail.


  • Title: Samurai with Raised Sword
  • Creator: Felice Beato
  • Date Created: 1863
  • Location Created: Japan
  • Physical Dimensions: 26.1 × 22.2 cm (10 1/4 × 8 3/4 in.)
  • Type: Print
  • External Link: Find out more about this object on the Museum website.
  • Medium: Albumen silver print
  • Terms of Use: Open Content
  • Number: 2007.26.155
  • Culture: English
  • Credit Line: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, Partial gift from the Wilson Centre for Photography
  • Creator Display Name: Felice Beato (English, born Italy, 1832 - 1909)
  • Classification: Photographs (Visual Works)

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