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Details

  • Title: Shriveled Leaves
  • Creator: Friedrich Olivier
  • Date Created: 1817
  • Physical Dimensions: sheet: 21.9 x 16.4 cm (8 5/8 x 6 7/16 in.)
  • Provenance: Josef Schmidl [1852-1916] and his wife Maria [1858-1934], granddaughter of Friedrich Olivier; by descent to their daughter, Marianne Schmidl [1890-1942];[1] (sale, C. G. Boerner, Leipzig, 28 April 1939, no. 15, pl. V). Carl Heumann [1886-1945], Chemnitz (Lugt 2841a). Helmut Domitzlaff, Munich. (Galerie Arnoldi-Livie, Munich), in 1996. Wolfgang Ratjen, Munich; purchased 2007 by NGA.[2] [1] When Austria was annexed by Nazi Germany in 1938, Marianne Schmidl was subjected to persecution as a Jew. This led to her immediate involuntary retirement from her position at the Austrian National Library in Vienna. Due to her resulting precarious financial situation, Ms. Schmidl was forced to sell off the valuable drawings that she had inherited from her parents in order to pay the newly imposed "Jewish Property Tax" and for her general livelihood. Marianne Schmidl was deported to Poland on 9 April 1942 where she was killed. [2] In 2016, the heirs of Marianne Schmidl and the National Gallery of Art came to a mutually acceptable agreement by which the Olivier remains in the collection of the National Gallery of Art. A second drawing from her collection (Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, _A Branch with Shriveled Leaves_, formerly NGA 2007.111.160) was returned to the family.
  • Medium: pen and black ink with touches of black wash over graphite on wove paper

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