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Silver 2 franc coin of Napoleon I

1804/1805

British Museum

British Museum

In the wake of the French Revolution (1789-92), a Republican government became the ruling authority in France, but it remained weak and was eventually undermined by a coup d'état in 1799. Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) led French campaigns in Italy and Egypt in 1796-99, and as an ambitious general serving the revolutionary regime won a series of important victories.Napoleon became First Consul of the French Senate in 1799 and was pronounced Emperor in 1804. This 2 franc piece shows the portrait of the new Emperor. The coin's neo-classical design, based on ancient coins of the Roman emperor Augustus (reigned 31 BC - AD 14) was intended to emphasize Napoleon's power.

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Details

  • Title: Silver 2 franc coin of Napoleon I
  • Date Created: 1804/1805
  • Physical Dimensions: Weight: 10.020g
  • External Link: British Museum collection online
  • Subject: emperor/empress
  • Registration number: SSB,132.65
  • Production place: Minted in France
  • Material: silver
  • Copyright: Photo: © Trustees of the British Museum
  • Authority: Ruler Napoleon I
  • Acquisition: Donated by Banks, Dorothea. Previous owner/ex-collection Banks, Sarah Sophia

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