Sioux Indians in the Mountains

Alfred Jacob Miller (American, 1810-1874)ca. 1850

The Walters Art Museum
Baltimore, United States

In the spring of 1837, Captain William Drummond Stewart hired the Baltimorean Alfred Jacob Miller to accompany and record an expedition to the annual fur traders' rendezvous held in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains in what is now Wyoming. That autumn, the artist returned east with sketches and watercolors, which served as the basis for later paintings. Miller observed that Americans could find in their own country "a race of men equal in form and grace (if not superior) to the finest ideal ever dreamed of by the Greeks."

With the financial assistance of Baltimore collector Robert Gilmor, Jr., Miller studied in Europe in 1832-33, where he was attracted to the works of the Romantic artists, particularly Decamps and Delacroix, as well as to paintings he saw in the Louvre Museum by Dutch 17th-century masters.


  • Title: Sioux Indians in the Mountains
  • Creator: Alfred Jacob Miller (American, 1810-1874)
  • Date Created: ca. 1850
  • External Link: For more information about this and thousands of other works of art in the Walters Art Museum collection, please visit art.thewalters.org
  • Roles: Painter: Alfred Jacob Miller (American, 1810-1874)
  • Provenance: C. Morgan Marshall [date and mode of acquisition unknown]; Walters Art Museum, 1945, by gift.
  • Object Type: paintings
  • Medium: oil on cardboard
  • Exhibitions: The American Artist as Painter and Draftsman. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. 2001., Alfred Jacob Miller: Maryland and the West. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore; Washington College, Chestertown; Frostburg State University, Frostburg; Jewish Community Center of Greater Washington, Rockville. 1988., Undercover Stories in Art. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1980., The Walters' American Collection. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. 2005-2006., Highlights from the Collection. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1998-2001.
  • Dimensions: H: 10 11/16 x W: 13 3/16 in. (27.1 x 33.5 cm); framed: H: 18 x W: 20 1/2 x D: 2 1/4 in. (45.7 x 52.1 x 5.7 cm)
  • Credit Line: Gift of C. Morgan Marshall, 1945
  • Classification: Painting & Drawing
  • Accession Number: 37.1996

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