Bio: Joyce Wieland (1931 – 1998) - Joyce Wieland was one of Canada’s most important artists of her generation. In a career spanning over thirty years she introduced ideas and broke with conventions that established her as a legendary contributor to the development of Canadian contemporary visual arts. The artist studied at Central Technical School in Toronto with Doris McCarthy who became a role model. She worked initially in graphic design, meeting her first husband, Michael Snow, whom she married in 1956. Wieland had her first solo exhibition in Toronto in 1960 and in 1962 moved to New York City, where she became an important figure within the city’s underground filmmaking community. She returned to Toronto in the early 1970s, where her work increasingly engaged with issues of gender, nationalism and ecology. Throughout her career, Wieland was concerned with questions of gender, in particular as expressed through the Canadian landscape and ecology, and in the materials traditionally associated with women’s creative practices. Initially a painter and experimental filmmaker, her practice later extended to textiles, quilts and sewn collages. She said of her practice, “I think being an artist is about following your own way, and having the courage to be who you are and what you are. To have self-knowledge... that deep, dark discovery of self, part of which is maturing, part of which is creating wholeness." Joyce Wieland was the first living woman artist to be featured in solo exhibitions at major Canadian galleries and museums. Notably, in 1971, the National Gallery of Canada organized True Patriot Love, a major solo exhibition of her work and, in 1987, the Art Gallery of Ontario presented a major travelling retrospective of her work. During her lifetime, major exhibitions of Wieland’s work were also presented at Canada House in London, England, the Agnes Etherington Art Centre and McMaster University Art Gallery. She fulfilled major commissions for Canada Post, the National Science Library, the Spadina subway station in Toronto and Via Rail Canada. Joyce Wieland was a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts and was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1982. In 1987, she was awarded the Toronto Arts Foundation's Visual Arts Award.
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