Spearhead-Shaped Finial

Unknown CreatorWestern Zhou dynasty (1045-771 BCE)

Hallwyl Museum

Hallwyl Museum
Stockholm, Sweden


Western Zhou dynasty (1045-771 BCE).
Reportedly discovered in Sianfu, Shaanxi province.
Inventory number: XLIX:I:A.i.10.

The tip of this spearhead-shaped finial has a broader angle that turns down more steeply and gently flares into two barbs on either side of the base. The finial is decorated with perforated comma-like openings on either side of the central ridge. There is a socket at the base that connected the finial to the drawbar.

This spearhead-shaped finial would originally have been one of a pair that attached to either end of a horizontal drawbar of a chariot. The drawbar attached horizontally to the central draught pole. The horse harnesses would have been attached to either side of the drawbar.

The openwork decoration of the spearhead-shaped finials weakens the structural integrity of the object, making it impractical for active warfare. They were probably meant to be intimidating, rather than to be used as a practical weapon.


  • Title: Spearhead-Shaped Finial
  • Creator: Unknown Creator
  • Date Created: Western Zhou dynasty (1045-771 BCE)
  • Location Created: China
  • Physical Dimensions: 23.3 x 6 cm
  • Subject Keywords: Chinese Bronze Age, Chariots, Horse Tack, Spear-head finials

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