Star of David badge printed Jude for Jew, given to a young German Jewish woman

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Washington, United States

Used Star of David badge given to 18 year old Bettina Mayer in Deggendorf displaced persons camp in 1945 by another camp resident. It was worn by the unknown person in Cologne, Germany, and it was given to Bettina because she was originally from Cologne. Jews were ordered to were a Judenstern badge at all times to identify them as Jews. Bettina, her parents, Siegmund and Johannette, and her brother, Albert, were deported in 1941 from Cologne to the Riga ghetto in German occupied Latvia. In September 1943, they were deported to Kaiserwald concentration camp. Johannette died of starvation in May 1944 and Siegmund and Albert were killed that July. Bettina was deported to Stutthof in Poland and then to Sophienwald labor camp. In March 1945, she was on a death marches to Gothendorf, Germany, and then Chinow, when she was liberated by the Soviet Army on March 10. After the war, Bettina briefly stayed in Vienna and Bielefeld, Germany, before moving to Deggendorf.


  • Title: Star of David badge printed Jude for Jew, given to a young German Jewish woman
  • Provenance: The Star of David badge was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2010 by Bettina Gruenbaum.
  • Subject Keywords: Deportees--Germany--Cologne--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Germany--Cologne--Personal narratives. Jewish refugees--Germany--Biography. Women concentration camp inmates--Poland--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Refugees--Germany.
  • Type: Identifying Artifacts
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Yellow cloth badge in the shape of a 6 pointed Star of David with black thread on 3 points and in the corners. The star outline is formed from 2 overlapping, dyed triangles and has German text in the center. The edges are frayed where it was folded and roughly cut along the outline from a larger piece of material.

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