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Star of David badge printed with Jude worn by a German Jew

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Star of David badge that belonged to Beate Ada or Ernest Oppenheimer. Beate and Ernest emigrated separately from Germany to the United States in 1938-1939. The badge was worn by a family member who stayed in Germany. In September 1941, the Nazi government ordered all Jews over the age of six to wear a Judenstern [Jewish star] badge on their outer clothing at all times. Official persecution of the Jews following Hitler’s rise to power in 1933 made life extremely difficult. Ernest, who lived in Mannheim, was arrested with his father during the Kristallnacht pogrom on November 9-10, 1938. They were sent to Buchenwald concentration camp and later released. Twenty-seven year old Ernest left for the United States in 1939. His parents, Moritz and Margaret, were killed in Auschwitz in 1942, but his three siblings survived the war. Beate was from Lauenforde and she left for the United States in 1938. Her parents, Emma and Sali, were deported to Theresienstadt concentration camp, but were released to Switzerland in exchange for American currency.

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  • Title: Star of David badge printed with Jude worn by a German Jew
  • Provenance: The Star of David Badge was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2010 by Carol Oppenheimer Wolinsky, the daughter of Beate and Ernest Oppenheimer.
  • Subject Keywords: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Germany--Personal narratives. Jewish families--Germany. Jewish refugees--United States. Jews--Persecutions--Germany--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Refugees--United States.
  • Type: Identifying Artifacts
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Yellow cloth badge in the shape of a 6 pointed Star of David stitched to black cloth backing. The star outline is formed from 2 overlapping, dyed triangles and has German text in the center. The edges are slightly frayed where it was cut from a larger piece of cloth.

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