In April and May of 1874, for the first time Monet and his artist friends exhibited their own works rejected by the official “Salon” in rooms belonging to the photographer Nadar on the boulevard des Capucines. A newspaper critic, referring to Monet’s Impression — Sunrise of 1872 mockingly coined the term “Impressionists.” Since these artists were, however, above all concerned to capture the visual appearance of reality, they themselves took this name on. The painters Renoir, Manet, and Monet spent their summers together in Argenteuil on the Seine and worked on perfecting their particular artistic style. Among the works that Monet produced in Argenteuil is this sun-drenched meadow with hazy mountains in the distance; a picture in which his wife Camille and his son Jean have no more visual presence than the wind-blown trees or the colored shadows on the grass. As the critic had correctly real-ized, Monet’s interest was solely in conveying an impression. Later on, Paul Cézanne was to say to Ambroise Vollard that “Monet is simply an eye, but — by God — what an eye.” The painting Summer was shown at the second exhibition at Nadar’s in 1876. In his review of the exhibition, the writer Emile Zola singled out this work by Monet for particular praise.


  • Title: Summer
  • Creator: Claude Monet
  • Date Created: 1874
  • Physical Dimensions: w80.0 x h57.0 cm
  • Type: Painting
  • original title: L'Été
  • Technique and material: Oil on canvas
  • Inv.-No.: A I 1013
  • ISIL-No.: DE-MUS-815114
  • External link: Alte Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin
  • Copyrights: Text: © Prestel Verlag / Alte Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Photo: © b p k - Photo Agency / Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin / Jörg P. Anders
  • Collection: Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin
  • Artist biography: Claude Monet was a French artist and founder of Impressionist painting in France. In 1851 he entered the art college where he was taught by Jaques-François Ochard, before meeting Eugène Bodin in 1856, who showed him how to paint in oil. Both artists were influenced by Johan Barthold Jongkind. Monet went to Paris, living there for a number of years and making frequent visits to the Louvre. During this time he got to know other young artists such as Édouard Manet. He became a pupil of Charles Gleyre and started painting outdoors with broken colour and rapid brushstrokes, in a style later known as Impressionism. When the Franco-Prussian War began in 1870, he emigrated to England where he studied the art of John Constable and others. Before returning to France in 1871 he spent several months in the Netherlands which proved a short but highly productive time. During this period he executed several paintings of modern everyday life. From 1880 on, he created a great number of landscape and seascape series, documenting the French countryside and local landscapes of his journeys to southern Europe. During World War I, Monet painted a series of weeping willow trees to pay homage to the French fallen soldiers before dying of lung cancer in 1926. Among his most famous artworks are 'Woman in a Garden' (1867), 'Bridge over a Pond of Water Lilies' (1899) and 'Water Lilies' (1914–1919).
  • Artist Place of Death: Giverny, France
  • Artist Place of Birth: Paris, France
  • Artist Dates: 1840-11-14/1926-12-05

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