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Summer Evening, Landscape in Italy

Claude Joseph Vernet1773

The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo

The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo

This work was created in 1773, relatively late in Vernet's artistic career. The work is thought to be one part of a group of works that follow the 17th century Italian custom of creating a series of tableaux depicting the different hours of a single day. Another work created the same year entitled Morning has also been identified as the pendant to this work (present locataion unknown). The composition shows groups of figures bathing in a river in the dusk of a long summer day. The rocky cliff and trees that fill the right side of the composition and the river and bridge in the center of the image are all elements that appear again and again in Vernet's works. The townscape that forms the background of the work is not today a specifically identifiable site. Rather, it has been suggested that the scene is a compilation of several true views. Vernet was said to have actually painted outdoors from life during his stay in Italy, but as was suggested in the 18th century, he frequently reworked and reassembled favorite elements and motifs during his later years. The quiet balance of the overall composition closely resembles the Classicist landscapes of the 17th century, while the sense of solidity and mass found in several parts of the scene can also be taken as an indication of the Neo-classicism. The depiction of individual figures and natural phenomena exhibit Vernet's "naturalist" tendencies admired by Diderot. These elements form the foundation of the tradition of French landscape painting that would later influence Corot, the Barbizon school and the Impressionists. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no.55)

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Details

  • Title: Summer Evening, Landscape in Italy
  • Date Created: 1773
  • Location Created: Italy
  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings: Signed and dated lower left: J. Vernet. 1773
  • Provenance: Lespinasse d'Artel; Auc. Lespinasse d'Artel, July 11, 1803, no. 248; De Preuil (According to the catalogue of the Auc. Boisgerard); Boisgerard; Auc. Boisgerard, Paris, March 6, 1820, no. 136; De Forest; Auc. De Forest, Paris, Apr. 21, 1873, no. 14; Henry Lapauze; Auc., Christie's, London, July 3-20, 1908, no. 117; Auc., Paris, Dec. 21, 1937, no. 5, repr. pl. 111; Private Coll., Paris; Cailleux, Paris.
  • Physical Dimensions: w1330 x h890 mm
  • Painter: Joseph Vernet
  • Object title (Japanese): 夏の夕べ、イタリア風景
  • Object notes (Japanese): 本作品は、ヴェルネの画歴の上では比較的晩年に近い1773年の制作になる。形式としては、一日の各時間を複数のタブローによって描き分けるという、イタリア時代以来ヴェルネが好んだ17世紀からの伝統に従っていると思われ、同じ1773年制作の作品《朝》が対作品として存在していたことも確認されている(現在所在不明)。画面には、川辺で水浴びをする人々を点景に、夏の長い一日が暮れようとする時刻の風景が表わされている。右側の大きな岩と樹、画面の中心を占める川と橋などはヴェルネの作品にしばしば見られる道具立てである。遠景となっている町の風景は現時点では特定できず、いくつかの実景の組み合わせであろうと推測する他はない。イタリア時代には実際に戸外で風景を直接写生・制作したと言われるヴェルネであるが、すでに18世紀当時に指摘されていたように、晩年にはかつて手懸けたモティーフをさまざまに組み合わせながら繰り返して使用するという傾向が強くなっていたのである。構図全体は落ち着いた均衡をみせ、17世紀の古典主義的風景画を彷彿とさせるが、幾分硬さの感じられる画面仕上げにはすでに新古典主義的要素を認めることも可能であろう。また、個々の人物の描写や、自然観察などには、ディドロを感嘆させたヴェルネの「自然主義」的特質が十二分に発揮されており、コローやバルビゾン派、印象派などに連なってゆくフランス風景画の伝統の確立を見てとることができよう。(典拠: 国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 国立西洋美術館, 2006. cat. no. 55)
  • Artist Name (Japanese): ヴェルネ、ジョゼフ
  • Type: Paintings
  • Rights: http://www.nmwa.go.jp/en/information/privacy.html
  • External Link: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo
  • Medium: Oil on canvas

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