Summer gatherings in mountain villas (1 of a set of 12)

Hua Yandated 1738

Asian Art Museum

Asian Art Museum
San Francisco, United States

清朝 華喦 夏居山莊圖 金箋水墨
These twelve paintings (B74D5-B74D16) feature summer scenes of scholars gathering in a mountain villa. The scholars are dressed in the long robes of the day and are gathered in groups of two and three. Hua Yan appears to have been interested in capturing, with each group, the pleasures of a particular activity, such as walking into the villa, reading in the corridor, watching a waterfall, looking at mountains, paddling a boat, holding a fan, and searching for sacred mushrooms.
Hua Yan came from a poor family in Shanghang, Fujian province. He apprenticed in the family trade at the age of twenty but was forced to seek a living elsewhere. He eventually settled in the wealthy city of Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, and later that of Yangzhou, Jiangsu province; in both places he made a living as a professional painter. Hua was generally regarded as "Superb in Three" (poetry, painting, and calligraphy).
In painting he mastered the genres of birds and flowers; animals; and human figures. In calligraphy he studied Tang masters.


  • Title: Summer gatherings in mountain villas (1 of a set of 12)
  • Creator: Hua Yan (Chinese, 1682 - 1756) (Artist)
  • Date Created: dated 1738
  • Physical Dimensions: H. 89 5/8 in x W. 21 3/4 in, H. 227.6 cm x W. 55.2 cm (image); H. 118 1/2 in x W. 26 5/8 in 301 cm x W. 67.6 cm (overall)
  • Rights: Public Domain
  • Medium: Ink on gold-surfaced paper
  • Credit Line: Asian Art Museum, Museum purchase, B74D10

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