Taiwanofungus camphoratus is an endemic fungal species with high medicinal value. Its fruiting body appears on the inner side of the hollow trunk of Cinnamomum kanehirai, also endemic to Taiwan. The fruiting body is perennial and has a bitter taste and orange or orange-yellow hymenial surface. It possesses various medicinal uses including as a cancer treatment. Over-picking in the wild, host specificity, and slow growth of the fruiting body under artificial cultivation are the reasons for its high price. In 1990, this species was presented as new to science by Professor Mu Zang from mainland China and Professor Ching-Hua Su from Taiwan. In 2004, this species was described as belonging to a new genus, Taiwanofungus, based on morphological and phylogenetic studies collaboratively conducted by the researchers of this museum and other institutes. This specimen was donated by Professor Zuei-Ching Chen.