This temple was once situated in the vicinity of the Roman fortress of Taphis (Taffeh) in Nubia. Nowadays it has a place in the central hall of the NMA. It was a gift fromthe Egyptian authorities in acknowledgment of the Dutch participation in the campaign to save the Nubianmonuments near Abu Simbel, which were under threat because of the building of the Aswan High Damin the Nile. The temple was built during the reign of emperor Augustus. In those days Egypt formed part of the Roman Empire and the Egyptian gods were venerated far and wide: Osiris, his wife Isis and their son Horus were immensely popular.
The temple was built after the Roman conquest of Lower Nubia. The building blocks arrived roughly hewn fromthe quarries and were finished on the building-site. They were stacked withoutmortar or shoved into place bymeans of a clayey slush. Up to and including the cornices, the walls consist of twelve layers. The stones used to be white, but they have turned brown-grey in the course of time.
The architectural style is traditional Egyptian. In the fourth century A.D. and later, in the eighth century, changes weremade. Six columns with capitals support the roof. The façade, not the original one dating fromthe 1st century, is decorated with winged sun discs and cobras. Fromthe 13th century onwards the Nubiansmainly used the temple to house humans and animals.