The Adventures of Hamza

Attributed to Tara (Indian, active mid-16th century)late 16th century

Jaipur Virasat Foundation

Jaipur Virasat Foundation
Jaipur, India

The Hamzanama relates the story of Hamza, an uncle of the prophet Mohammad and an ardent defender of the Muslim faith. In this scene, Assad ibn Kariba, a supporter of Hamza shown dressed in an orange jama, takes an army of unbelievers (non-Muslims) by surprise in a night attack. In the midst of the chaos, the unbelievers attack and kill one another. The drama-filled story of the Hamzanama was a favorite of the Mughal emperor Akbar, who commissioned this magnificent manuscript in 1562. Composed of 1400 illustrations and bound into several volumes, the work took nearly one hundred artists fifteen years to complete.


  • Title: The Adventures of Hamza
  • Creator: Attributed to Tara (Indian, active mid-16th century)
  • Date Created: late 16th century
  • Location: India
  • Physical Dimensions: H. 27 in. (68.6 cm) W. 21 1/4 in. (54 cm)
  • Type: Painting from Hamzanama
  • Contributor: Met Museum
  • Medium: Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on cloth; mounted on paper
  • Photography: Met Museum

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