In this picture Bacchus, the god of wine, has transformed a spring on the island of Andros so that it spouts wine. Both humans and gods gather at the spring to pay homage to the wine god in a bacchanal.
The Andrians is a pendant to Worship of Venus. The paintings are copies of Titian. The themes of the paintings come from the Greek thinker Philostratos's writings on rhetoric from the 3rd century. Exactly when and where Rubens produced his copies of The Andrians and the Worship of Venus we do not know. But they were in his studio at the time of his death in 1640. They were sold to Philip VI of Spain at that time who also owned Titian's originals. During the Napoleonic invasion of Spain Rubens's paintings were taken as booty and fell to the lot of Marshall Bernadotte who brought them with him to Sweden when he assumed the throne. They were inherited by Karl XV who donated them to the Nationalmuseum in 1865.
Titian's paintings of these subjects are now in the Prado Museum in Madrid.