The Battery Observation Post at North Fort, North Head, Manly

Eric Charles Johnston (Photographer)1944

Sydney Harbour Federation Trust

Sydney Harbour Federation Trust
Sydney, Australia

Pictured: The Battery Observation Post at North Fort Battery in Manly, Sydney Fortress Area.

Background: Established in 1936, North Fort is a remnant military complex at North Head Sanctuary in Manly. Strategically placed at the northern entrance to Sydney Harbour, the now-demilitarised fort formed part of a defence system that spanned 300km of coastline during World War II. Until 1952, the North Fort Battery featured two 9.2 inch calibre guns. Serviced by a network of underground tunnels, each was capable of firing a distance of 26.4km. Target coordinates were relayed to these heavy weapons from an underground Plotting Room. The AWAS began filling key wartime positions at North Head after being authorised by the government, in August 1941, to “release men from certain military duties for employment in fighting units”.

Image courtesy of the Australian War Memorial

Image Accession Number: 063472


  • Title: The Battery Observation Post at North Fort, North Head, Manly
  • Creator: Eric Charles Johnston (Photographer)
  • Date Created: 1944
  • Location Created: North Head Sanctuary, Manly, Sydney Harbour, NSW
  • Physical Dimensions: Unknown
  • Type: Photograph
  • Rights: Australian War Memorial
  • Medium: Photograph

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