In the Valley of Fire, demons seize Tondal's soul and throw it into a blazing forge. Here demons cook sinners' souls and then pound them into a fiery mass with anvils. As before, the angel rescues Tondal's soul after much torment and asks him if the "delights and pleasures of the flesh" he enjoyed on earth were worth the punishment delivered in hell. Tondal, however, is so weak he cannot utter a word.


  • Title: The Forge of Vulcan
  • Creator: Simon Marmion
  • Date Created: 1475
  • Location Created: Valenciennes, France; Ghent, Belgium
  • Physical Dimensions: Leaf: 36.3 × 26.2 cm (14 5/16 × 10 5/16 in.)
  • Type: Folio
  • External Link: Find out more about this object on the Museum website.
  • Medium: Tempera colors, gold leaf, gold paint, and ink on parchment
  • Terms of Use: Open Content
  • Number: 87.MN.141.27.27
  • Culture: Franco-Flemish
  • Credit Line: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, Ms. 30, fol. 27
  • Creator Display Name: Simon Marmion (Flemish, active 1450 - 1489)
  • Classification: Manuscripts (Documents)

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